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  • Impact Of Demonstration Of Vermy Composting For The Benefit Of Sc St Population In The Washim District Of Maharashtra

    Impact Of Demonstration Of Vermy Composting For The Benefit Of Sc St Population In The Washim District Of Maharashtra

    IMPACT OF DEMONSTRATION OF VERMY COMPOSTING FOR THE BENEFIT OF SC ST POPULATION IN THE WASHIM DISTRICT OF MAHARASHTRA

                                                                                    P.P.Shelke, Principal Investigator 

    Background:-

         Washim District is situated in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra.  Earlier it was in Akola District of Maharasshtra.  The District was earmarked with remote distance from Distarict Place of Akola.  The population of the district was mostly tribal and SC and ST communities.  The education level was not so high and the major source of Income was the Agriculture Land.  This is the case when the KVK was established in 1994 at Risod. 

         KVK scientist have studied the basic needs of the farmers and it was observed that the majority of farmers were not using balanced fertilizers and also the balanced use of organic inputs was not there.  Therfore, it was decided to start the work from the poorest of the poor in the adjacent area of KVK Headquarters.  The scientists together collectively chaklked out a programme and it was submitted to Department of Biotechnology New Delhi.  The working of the project was during 2002-03 to 2004-05.

        

    Interventions:-

         The prggramme was chalked out to cover 150 beneficiery phasewise in a period of three years to know the benefits of organic farming.  The starting was to be made from Vermy composting and later on the process of Organic certification was aimed at.

    Objectives of the Demonstration:-

    • a) To Educate 300 SC and ST beneficiaries about the advantage of bio-farming and organic farming,
    • b) To take utmost economic advantage of all waste, agriculture residue and cow dung in best productive manner.
    • c) To set up suitably scaled Vermy compost unit on the land of 50 beneficiaries and provide hands on training and use.
    • d) To provide technical and managerial backup to the units, thus set up including marketing assistance.
    • e) To conduct Vermy compost application trials on total 5 ha area in main agronomical and horticultural crop.
    • f) To organize Vermy mela to popularize the Vermy technology and use of Vermy compost among the farmers.

           Achievements:-

      

    • A) To Educate 300 SC and ST beneficiaries about the advantage of

        bio-farming and organic farming.

    The training for 300 beneficiaries is completed. Training in other villages is still continuing. We are also incorporating the need of vermy composting in almost all training events. Farmers are being taken to the working demonstration units for getting better understanding of the concept. 

    b)To take utmost economic advantage of all waste, agriculture residue and cow dung in best productive manner.

    Initially the concentration was on mass multiplication of the earthworms. The mass multiplication is the only way for expansion of the project. People are using best quality feed for the earthworms. Upon getting the sufficient quantity of the earthworms, the people will concentrate on large scale production of the vermy compost. Initially the material being used is cow dung. People have been convinced of using other waste material for production of the vermy compost.

    c)To set up suitably scaled Vermy compost unit on the land of 50 beneficiaries and provide hands on training and use.

    Total 150-vermicompost unit are constructed on the land of 150 SC/ST beneficiaries during the total three year period.  In addition other farmers from General categories are also motivated to have small units from their own resources. However, the assistance provided is extremely useful and people will definitely get the advantage of higher economic returns for their future. On the spot regular skill development training are being conducted. One such skilled worker is also temporarily employed for the work.

                 d) To provide technical and managerial backup to the units, thus set

                     up including marketing assistance.

    The produce is being sold collectively. Marketing linkage is given through KVK, Many farmers are regularly visiting the KVK. We are continuously offering them the produce of farmers. The demand is tremendous and we are presently unable to fulfill the demand.

    e) To conduct Vermy compost application trials on total 10 ha area in main agronomical and horticultural crop.

    The trials of the vermy compost are laid down in soybean (Kharif 2004 ) and Bengal gram (2004-05).  However, as the quantity of the produce was less and many beneficiaries are using the  material in their own field, we have selected total Five beneficiaries for conducting the trial on five ha. area in each of the above crop as per the target of the current year i.e. during 2004-05.

    Economic Benefits:-

         The farmers started production of vermy compost and saved lot of expenditure on fertilizers.  Some have reported better soil health and some have shown that the soil became live with existence of earthworms alround the year including summer.

         Following data shows the exact picture of the reaults obtained with use of Vermy compost alone and also with addition of fertlize.

         Some farmers have reported that they have got economic adavbantage as high as Rs. 50000 per annum due to sell of earthworm culture.  This is one of the major economic gains out of this work.  By adopting the technology of this project one such big production unit in Adjacent district of Buldhana is producting about 2 tonnes per day of the vermy compost, about 1 quintles of verms per week and about  1 tonne of vermy wash per month.

      

    Table :- Vermicompost Trial economic benefits

    S.N.

    Name of farmers

    Village

    Crop

    Area of crop (ha)

    Quantity of vermicompost (Qt.) used

    Yield (Q/ha) with  Vermy

    compost application

    Yield (Q/ha) without used of vermy compost.

    1

    Chandrabhaga Shankar Karade

    Ghonsar

    Soybean

    (TAMS-38 variety)

    1

    5 tonne

    19.20

    16.10

    Chandrabhaga Shankar Karade

    Ghonsar

    Gram

    (JAKI-9218)

    1

    5 tonne

    16.90

    15.30

    2

    Subhash Bramhaji Jadhav

    Ghonsar

    Soybean (TAMS-38)

    1

    5 tonne

    18.40

    15.90

    Subhash Bramhaji Jadhav

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    5 tonne

    17.20

    15.20

    3

    Laxman Ramji Gaikwad

    Ghonsar

    Soybean (TAMS-38)

    1

    5 tonne

    18.90

    15.75

    Laxman Ramji Gaikwad

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    5 tonne

    16.75

    15.40

    4

    Shayamrao Sampat Pande

    Ghonsar

    Soybean (TAMS-38)

    1

    5 tonne

    18.70

    16.60

    Shayamrao Sampat Pande

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    5 tonne

    16.70

    14.90

    5

    Maloji Rajaram Surkute

    Ghonsar

    Soybean (TAMS-38)

    1

    5 tonne

    17.30

    15.90

    Maloji Rajaram Surkute

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    5 tonne

    16.80

    15.10

    f)To organize Vermy mela to popularize the Vermy technology and use of Vermy compost among the farmers.

    Vermy Mela’s were organized at KVK, Karda Campus. About 600 farmers participated in mela. KVK Scientist has explained the benefits of Vermy compost and organic farming to all the participant. Participant has also visited to KVK Vermy culture unit where the Vermy compost technology has been practically demonstrated to them.

    9)D
    etails of field demonstrations laid under the project:-

    Table :- Vermicompost Trial Production Data (Kharif 2004 & Rabi

                  2004-05).

    S.N.

    Name of farmers

    Village

    Crop

    Area of crop (ha)

    Quantity of vermicompost (Qt.) used

    Yield (Q/ha) with fertilizer doze

    ( farmers practice)

    Yield (Q/ha) with application of vermy compost.

    1

    Ramji Dagduji Kokate

    Ghonsar

    Soyabean

    (TAMS-38 variety)

    1

    10 q/ha

    19.20

    19.40

    Ramji Dagduji Kokate

    Ghonsar

    Gram

    (JAKI-9218)

    1

    10 q/ha

    16.90

    17.10

    2

    Chandrabhaga Shankar Karale

    Ghonsar

    Soyabean (TAMS-38)

    1

    10 q/ha

    18.40

    18.60

    Chandrabhaga Shankar Karale

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    10 q/ha

    17.20

    17.10

    3

    Haribhau Shivram Fufate

    Ghonsar

    Soyabean (TAMS-38)

    1

    10 q/ha

    18.90

    18.77

    Haribhau Shivram Fufate

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    10 q/ha

    16.75

    16.87

    4

    Shamrao Sampat Pande

    Ghonsar

    Soyabean (TAMS-38)

    1

    10 q/ha

    18.70

    18.65

    Shamrao Sampat Pande

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    10 q/ha

    16.70

    16.87

    5

    Ginaji Niloba Ghukase

    Ghonsar

    Soyabean (TAMS-38)

    1

    10 q/ha

    17.30

    17.25

    Ginaji Niloba Ghukase

    Ghonsar

    Gram (JAKI-9218

    1

    10 q/ha

    16.80

    16.88

    Conclusion of the trials of Vermy compost application:-

    • 1) The yield data of the trial revealed that their will be a 0.16% increase in the yield in the soyabean crop due to the application of alone Vermicompost @ 10 qt/ per hactre as compared to farmers practice/ local check (with chemical fertilizer).
    • 2) In the soyabean crop the following major observation was noted in Vermicompost applied trial.
    • a) Crop found to be tollerent to girdle beetle as compared to local check.
    • b) Soyabean Crop in the trial found to be comparatively tollerent to water stress in the dry spell as water holding capacity of the soil has found to be improved.
    • c) Drainage property of the soil in the trial has found to be improved.
    • 3) The yield data of the trial revealed that their will be a 0.53% increased in the yield in the gram crop due to the application of alone Vermicompost @ 10 qt. per hactre as compared to local check i.e. farmers practice with fertilizer application.

    4)In the gram  crop the following major observation noted in

        Vermicompost applied trial.

    • a) Crop found to be tollerent to Heliothis as compared to local check.
    • b) Gram Crop in the trial found to be comparatively tollerent to water stress in the dry spell as water holding capacity of the soil has found to be improved.
    • c) Drainage property of the soil in the trial has found to be improved.

    Employment Generation:-

    Total 5 beneficiaries were not having any agriculture land and they had taken up the activity as enterprise.  They have reported that they have earned about Rs. 1000 per month to Rs. 2000 per month.

      

    Major Impression :

    Trial in both crop revealed that there is no significant difference  in the yield with application of chemical fertilizer and Vermicompost on the other hand Vermicompost application will result in reducing the cost of production with increase in net profit in addition to helping in maintaining the natural balance and with out disturbing eco system which is the major objectives of the project.

                     

    12. Summary

    • a) Earth worm hatchery has been established at KVK, Farm, which provides the basic earthworm culture to all needy farmers in addition to 150 project beneficiaries. Said unit is working as a practical demonstration unit for needy farmers.
    • b) Total 1275kg of earthworm culture has been made available to different farmers through this hatchery.
    • c) Total 150 vermicompost unit has been established on the land of 150
    • d) Beneficiaries having the average annual capacity of 6 to 8 tonne which approximately saves their an amount of Rs. 5000/- annually which can be other wise invested in chemical fertilizer.
    • e) During the project period a booklet on vermicompost technology has been published which acts as a extension material for the disimination of the technology.

      

    The conclusion  is summarized below.

    • a) The project has created a small side business for the rural SC and ST people.
    • b) Farmers are convinced about the benefit of the vermy compost and the demand for vermy compost has increased.
    • c) Technology transfer in this area is still needed and at least two villages in every Tahsil will make the awareness creation and demonstration of the activity.
    • d) Organic waste can be properly utilized and some income generation is also possible with little efforts.
    • e) More such units are required and follow up is still needed for demonstrating the success of the bio technology.

    Agricultural labors can have a small business and can get additional income with little efforts.

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